Integrated house systems may possibly consist of all or any of the following:-
- Video sources to several rooms making use of show gear from TFT, Plasma, Projection and Computer connectivity.
- Audio distribution of CD primarily based music, digital radio, digital Television broadcasts from terrestrial and satellite broadcasters, cable and increasingly more than the world wide web.
- Information connections for the use of house networked computer systems access to the world wide web by way of broadband, ISDN and satellite Safety handle of cameras, recording devices and access handle.
- Handle of lighting, heating and other domestic solutions (cookers, washing machines and much more)
The central core of any program is not the nature of the gear employed but how that gear is connected to a central command and handle centre. The cabling systems employed will decide no matter whether future advances in technologies are going to be out there to the property owner devoid of recourse to costly re-wiring or installation of new handle systems.
The 1st principle is to use a central hub and send a set of cables to every single of the destinations – sending to a single location and then looping or splicing to the subsequent one particular brings into play a multitude of future complications of connectivity and reliability a single fault at any offered point will impact all the things additional down that chain. A central hub guarantees there is one particular point of reference for fault place and that every single distribution point is not reliant on another's operation.
Video connectivity at a single point is usually by means of scart, RF, DVi or equivalent connection. Making use of a central video supply be this DVD, satellite box or other video player, transmission by means of any of the above cables causes complications of bulk, price and loss of signal more than a extended run. Video connectivity, when distributed all through a single dwelling, is ideal served making use of higher good quality co-ax cable such as RG59/u runs as a composite signal. For the ultimate video connectivity, signals need to be sent element (YUV) but this calls for three cables to every single point of use.
Information transmission for laptop or computer connectivity to the world wide web is ideal accomplished making use of a Cat5e cable program back to a central router/hub. This enables all computer systems to share world wide web access for internet, e-mail and outdoors communications.
Phone systems need to also be connected making use of an additional Cat5e cable network which guarantees systems are once more routed back to a central point and then to the outdoors planet.
Audio distribution from a central CD server to every single space making use of digital cable operating line level signals to nearby amplifier speakers will allow any one particular of four million channels to be chosen: classical music for the parents, heavy rock to Kevin the Teenager and Methods to the Small Princess with fantastic old Terry Wogan to the kitchen. In addition it may possibly be preferable to run the amplification centrally making use of a zone amplifier: this can then send the audio direct to the speakers at the preferred location.
Really should you want to distribute laptop or computer video signals this can be performed making use of VGA cable which is bulky and costly. Nevertheless, connectivity may possibly be greater accomplished making use of a Cat5e network which enables information and audio to be encoded and sent down a a lot thinner and less expensive cable to every single location point.
Fibre optics may possibly be employed but have really serious price implications and physically for a number of channels the cables have minimum bend radii which usually are hard to reach in a domestic atmosphere. The benefit is that future connectivity is assured, but will need third celebration educated personnel for set-up and upkeep hence adding to possible charges.
Wireless networks are feasible even though in spite of claims to the contrary are not 100% safe so placing your safety program or sensitive laptop or computer connection on a wireless connection may possibly present flexibility but does expose a weak hyperlink in the program which the determined could break into.
To present maximum flexibility it is a fantastic thought to run a cable from the central command point to every single space exactly where handle is necessary for every single of the following components:-
- 1 x RG59/u for video – transmit
- 1 x RG59/u or 1 x Cat5e for video acquire from safety CCTV
- 1 x Cat5e for laptop or computer network
- 1 x cat5e for phone (4 lines doable per cable)
- 1 x cat5E as a handle wire (increasingly this will come to be a frequent handle protocol for lighting, heating and new gear – fridges, cookers, washing machines will doubtless have Computer chips inside a handful of years, some currently do)
- 1 x Cat5e for future expansion
- All cables to be bunched and sleeved enabling a single pull by way of at 1st repair
- Cables terminate in a recessed wall panel with the proper cable sockets.
- Cable runs to be pipe encased for future access.
- 1 x fish wire per run – separate to initial 1st repair bundle (enables future cables to be pulled by way of)
- In a two storey property cables are ideal run from ground floor to 1st floor and run by way of void amongst ground and 1st floor and then run up/ down walls to necessary points.
- Central command point need to be situated inside the most important fabric of the creating this can be in a utility space, basement, a garage can be employed but safety may possibly be an situation. With this infrastructure in spot the program may possibly then be added to and configured devoid of limit to the quantity or form of devices employed, supplying the space in query does have a patch panel.